Afrikonnections

Helping the African Community Flourish In Minnesota

Health And Education as Human Rights

Posted by afrikonnections on July 9, 2008

This post is dedicated to Human Rights. What are Human Rights? For a discussion about what human rights are, click here. The following will be about Education and Health as rights of each and every human on this earth.

All of the following information has been taken from the the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights.

To read the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in more than 336 languages click on this sentence.

Education

“Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory.Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit…. Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among … racial or religious groups….”

Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 26

“The States Parties … recognize the right of everyone to education…. Education shall enable all persons to participate effectively in a free society, promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among … racial, ethnic or religious groups…. Primary education shall be compulsory and available free to all… Secondary education … including technical and vocational secondary education, shall be made generally available and accessible to all…. Higher education shall be made equally accessible to all….”

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Article 13

The People’s Movement for Human Rights Education notes that “the human right to education is inextricably linked to other fundamental human rights — rights that are universal, indivisible, interconnected and interdependent including:

  • The human right to equality between men and women and to equal partnership in the family and society.
  • The human right to work and receive wages that contribute to an adequate standard of living.
  • The human right to freedom of thought, conscience, religion and belief.
  • The human right to an adequate standard of living.
  • The human right to participate in shaping decisions and policies affecting one’s community, at the local, national and international levels.”
  • Health

    1. Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
    2. Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection. 1. The States Parties to the present Covenant recognize the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health.

      Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 25

    1. The States Parties to the present Covenant recognize the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health.

    2. The steps to be taken by the States Parties to the present Covenant to achieve the full realization of this right shall include those necessary for:

    (a) The provision for the reduction of the stillbirth-rate and of infant mortality and for the healthy development of the child;

    (b) The improvement of all aspects of environmental and industrial hygiene;

    (c) The prevention, treatment and control of epidemic, endemic, occupational and other diseases;

    (d) The creation of conditions which would assure to all medical service and medical attention in the event of sickness.

    International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Article 12

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